A device that monitors and controls the composting process, allowing organic waste to be transformed into a valuable resource.
Composting is an aerobic biological process in which a mixture of humidifying nutrients is created from biodegradable waste. This is a practice that allows for the drastic reduction of the environmental and economic impact of man-made organic waste. Moreover, this biological process does not necessarily require a large facility. In fact, composting can be carried out on a small scale (such as in community composting). This is possible provided that there is constant monitoring to detect and maintain optimal conditions for bio-oxidation and waste humification.
Fabio Musmeci, a researcher at the Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA), has responded to this need by creating and perfecting Compostino, an intelligent device for monitoring a compact-sized composting machine.
The device consists of an Arduino platform plus a network of monitoring sensors and probes and a wireless transmission system. Through the sensors and probes, various parameters of the compost are detected and monitored, such as temperature, emissions, humidity, and PH level, which are then sent to the user via Bluetooth. In this way, it is possible to monitor and control the waste composting process and intervene if the parameters are found to be anomalous.